The area of Java is approximately 139,000 km2 is divided into four provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java and Banten, and two special districts, Jakarta (which is also the capital of Indonesia) and Yogyakarta.
Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine that have at one time or another been active volcanoes. The highest volcano in Java is Mt. Semeru (3,676 m). The most active volcano in Java and also in Indonesia is Mt. Merapi (2,968 m). One of the most exciting experiences is watching the sunrise from the crest of the Bromo volcano, followed by a pony ride from the village of Ngadisari over a sea of sand to the foot of the volcano. Another famous volcano is Anak Krakatau or Krakatoa Child, which is at present an extremely active young volcano. From both West Java West Coast and from Sumatra Lampung Province, this young and very active volcano is clearly visible. A boat trip to this place may be worth making.
Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, is a special territory enjoying the status of a province, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering an area of 637.44 square km. Located on the northern coast of West Java, it is the center of government, commerce and industry and as such has an extensive communications network with the rest of the country and the outside world. There is no doubt that Jakarta is the heart and soul of Indonesia and one of the most exciting places to visit in Southeast Asia to enjoy historic places, an electrifying nightlife and shopping experience.
Yogyakarta is the second most important tourist destination in Indonesia after Bali. Most tourists come to Yogyakarta for its strong Javanese culture and tradition. It is renowned as a centre of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as ballet, drama and poetry. Its known for its silver work, leather puppets used for shadow plays (wayang kulit), a unique style of making batik dyed fabric and also gamelan music. Being one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, Yogyakarta has many heritage buildings and monuments. The number one must-see attraction is Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono’s palace, better known as Kraton Ngayogyakarta. Yogyakarta also has beautiful beach called Parangtritis.
The name “Borobudur” is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit words “Vihara Buddha Uhr” and it’s one of the world’s most famous temples, it stands majestically on a hilltop overlooking lush green fields and distant hills and also Prambanan Temple is the biggest and most beautiful Hindu temple in Indonesia.
Karimun has a natural beauty under the sea’s natural/virgin and very stunning, with various types of coral reefs of the most comprehensive in the world, marine life and colorful reef fish, white sand on every island of the 27 islands that have become like a paradise for visitors.
Ujung Kulon National Park (means: Western Tip) is located at the western-most tip of Java that protects 57 rare species of plant, 35 species of mammal include Javan rhinoceros, Banteng, Silvery Gibbon, Javan Lutung, Crab-eating Macaque, Leopard, Java Mouse-deer and Rusa Deer. There are also 72 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 240 species of birds.
Still many amazing places to be visited in Java, you wont regret it